Neo-Futurism

Neo-futurism is a 21st century movement in design and architecture that was a settled way of post-modernism and represents an idealistic future.

 

Eero Saarinen (1910-1961)

A Finnish American industrial designer and architect that was known for varying his style according to the demands of the project that were:

  • Simple
  • Sweeping,
  • Arching structural curves or
  • Machine-like rationalism

Born in 1910, Saarinen immigrated to the United States in 1923 and settled in Bloomfield Hills and there he attended Cranbrook Academy of Art where his father taught and took classes in sculpture and furniture design.

INSP_Saarinen_archEero Saarinen and The Gateway Arch experimental model

The Gateway Arch

One of his important and successful design was the gateway arch that is known as the ‘Gateway to the West’. It was designed by himself and structural engineer Hannskarl Bandel in 1947 and built between 1963 and 1965. It stands 630 feet tall and 630 feet wide at its base. The legs are 54 feet wide at the base, narrowing to 17 feet at the arch. There is a unique tram system to carry passengers to the observation room at the top of the arch.

031c853940c49a9d255d3ad035cd548aThe Gateway Arch

 

TWA Flight Center, New York (1962)

Saarinen designed some of the most beautiful, distinctive and graceful buildings and structures in the United States. On the East Coast you will find the former TWA airlines terminal at JFK airport. Saarinen’s original design featured a prominent wing-shaped thin shell roof, unusual tube-shaped departure-arrival corridors and tall windows enabling expansive views of departing and arriving jets. He designed also the Manhattan’s CBS building as known as the Black Rock and another airport in Washington that is the Dulles Airport.

TWA_LCA_ArtistConcept_Predesign_c.jpgAirport (TWA Terminal, New York)

 

TransTWA-Flight-Center-1024x523The Main Lobby

 

Saarinen’s Furniture

Organic chair – inspired from nature

organic_01Organic Chair by Eero Saarinen

The organic chair is a comfrotable small reading chair and was made in 1940 by Charles Eames. The seat shell and armrests blend smoothly into one another and give the armchair a particularly harmonious look.

Materials:

  • Laminated seat shell
  • Polyurethane upholstery foam
  • Frame in ash legs
  • Stained black
  • Polyamide cover

 

Tulip Chair and Tulip Table

Eero Saarinen designed the collection of both tulip chair and table. It is a defining accomplishment of modern design. It was designed in 1956 with a perfectly capture that brought together in the décor world. For Saarinen, fluid design and flowing curves followed basic ergonomics. His design philosophy behind the Tulip lineup was simple, clear and well founded.

Tulip Arm ChairTulip chairs and table

 

Womb Chair

The womb chair envelops the person and creates a safe and comfortable place to curl up and relax. It is made of:

  • Moulded fibre
  • Glass seat shell
  • Supported on a bent tubular frame
  • Nylon swivel glides

It is upholstered in a boucle fabric and has loose latex foam cushions for increased comfort. Like many of Saarinen’s furniture designs, the Womb Chair required production techniques and materials still in the infancy of their existence.

womb.red.hs_2048x2048Womb Chair

 

References: 

Neo-futurism – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-futurism

Knoll – Eero Saarinen – Tulip Arm Chair – https://www.knoll.com/product/tulip-arm-chair

 

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