Gothic Revival

Gothic is an art style in the century of:

  • 9th
  • 10th
  • 11th
  • 12th

Gothic is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England. Gothic revival was used in the mid 15th century and can be identified easily from the same features used in the Gothic style, that is painted structures, stained glass and decorative with pointy surfaces.

Main characteristics:

  • Painted Arches
  • Sculptor
  • Decorative Surface
  • Stained Glass

 

I visited the York Minster Cathedral in England this April and it  is one of the largest of its kind in Northern Europe and clearly charts the development of English Gothic architecture. The cathedral’s nave contains the West Window, constructed in 1338 and over the Lady Chapel in the east end is the Great East Window that was finished in 1408 which is the largest expanse of medieval stained glass in the world.

york-minster-aerial-view-124142341York Gothic Cathedral

19073041_10213102259534898_1071493614_o.jpg

 

Another place I visited while I was in England was the ‘Big Ben’ in Westminster Abbey Palace. It comes also into a Gothic architecture.

68639_10200361841872419_205367836_n.jpgThe Big Ben

 

Cast iron tracery supports a bridge in New York that is in Gothic style. The bridge is designed by Calvert Vaux and is located at the Central Park in New York City.

Rajs-100411-4073HDRpaintcurv.jpgGothic Bridge – Reservoir Bridge, New York, Central Park by Calvert Vaux

 

CPGothicBridge.jpgDetail of the bridge in Gothic style

 

History of Gothic 

Gothic Art and  Architecture, religious and secular buildings, sculptures, stained glass and illuminated manuscripts and other decorative arts produced in Europe during the latter part of the middle ages in the 5th till the 15th century. Gothic  art began to be produced in France from 1140 until about 1500, spreading to the rest of Europe during the following century.

b93bc6b01036bc54dc6f97d17e8014ee.jpgReims Cathedral, France

Reims Cathedral was the church in which numerous French monarchs were officially crowned. It was built on the site of the basilica where Clovis was baptized by Saint Remi, bishop of Reims. The cathedral was completed by the end of the 13th century, with the west front added in the 14th century.

 

The Gothic age ended with the advert of the Renaissance in Italy about the beginning of the 15th century, although Gothic art and architecture continued in the rest of Europe through most of the 15th century and in some regions of Northern Europe into the 16th century.

19048401_1510541605663789_994428852_oMilan Cathedral, Piazza Del Duomo

Last year I went to visit Milan in Italy and came across this big Gothic cathedral. Construction began in 1386 in a Late Gothic style more typically French than Italian. It took five centuries to complete the famous cathedral. A large and elaborate Gothic cathedral on the main square of Milan, the Duomo di Milano is one of the most famous buildings in Europe. It is one of the largest Gothic cathedrals in the world.

Originally the world Gothic was used by Italian Renaissance writers as a derogatory term for all art and architecture of the middle ages in which they regarded as comparable to the work of barbarian Goths.

Since then the term Gothic has been restricted to the last major medieval period. The Gothic age is now considered one of Europe’s outstanding artistic eras.

 

References:

Gothic Revival Style  1830-1860 http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/architecture/styles/gothic-revival.html

Touropia – 2016 – 10 Cathedrals of Medieval Europe – http://www.touropia.com/gothic-cathedrals/

 

 

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