Industrial Design

Mass production – manufacture a number of production in a limited time

Standardization – simple design and similar

Functionalism –  designed objects should have a function

 

Henry Ford (1863-1947)

He pioneered the introduction of the moving assembly line after observing how meat moved down the line from the butcher to butcher in a meat packing plant. That what inspired Ford and starting thinking about the moving engine that in the future will became a car.

HenryFord_ModeloT1921.JPGModel T

Henry Ford was an American industrialist who is best know for his pioneering achievements in the automobile indusrty.

Ford was born on a farm near Dearborn, Michigan and educated in district schools. He became a machinist’s apprentice in Detroit at the age of sixteen. From 1888 to 1899 he was a mechanical engineer, and later chief engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company. In 1896, after experimenting for years in his leisure hours, he completed the construction of his first automobile, the Quadricycle.

ford_quadricycle1The Quadricycle

In 1903 he founded the Ford Motor Company. After its launch, the company began using letters of the alphabet to name its new models. In 1908, the company launched the Model T, which would go on to sell about fifteen million cars over the next nineteen years, a motoring phenomenon made possible by the disciplines of mass production and affordable price. Within the ensuing few year, however, Ford’s preeminence as the largest producer and seller of automobiles in the nation was gradually lost to his competitors, largely because he was slow to adopt the practice of introducing a new model of automobiles each year, which had become standard in the industry, During the 1930s Ford adopted the policy of the yearly changeover, but his company was unable to regain the position it had formerly held.

Related imageFord Motor Company Factory

 

Chicago School (1800s)

8365fa00c7c12bd5b32faa3f3fb2caa5.jpgLouis Sullivan’s Carson, Pirie, Scott & Co. Building

A group of architects and engineers who in the late 19th century had developed the school skyscraper in Chicago. This informal school was called the birthplace of modern architecture.

Although the phrase Chicago School properly identifies the midwest city as the locus of the new developments in high-rise design. Root, Burnham, Adler and Sullivan actually formed the Western Association of Architects in opposition to East Coast architects. It had no unified or coherent set of principles, and the landmark buildings created by the members of the school used a wide variety of designs, construction techniques and materials.

They included:

  • Daniel Burnham
  • William Le Barson Jenney
  • John Root

Which was the form of:

  • Dankmar Adler
  • Louis Sullivan

 

References:

History.com Staff – 2009 – Industrial Revolution – http://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution

Hnery Ford – Britannica – Carol W. Gelderman – https://www.britannica.com/biography/Henry-Ford

Visual Arts Cork – Chicago School of Architecture – http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/architecture/chicago-school.htm

 

 

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