Futurism

In 1909, a group of Italian poets founded an art movement which was concerned with:

  • Technology
  • Dynamic aspects of modern life
  • Rejected classical concept of harmony and order
  • Expressed speed and movements in their paintings

 

Characteristics:

  • Simultaneity
  • Line of face
  • Repeated motifs
  • Inclusion of typographical elements
  • Strong chromaticism
  • Lyricism
  • Suggesting speed
  • Urgency
  • Long dynamic lines
  • Motion

 

Umberto Boccioni

An Italian painter, sculptor and theorist of the Futurist Movement in art. Boccioni was probably influenced  by Cubism in 1911-1912 and about this time he also became interested in sculpture.

Giacomo Balla

Another Italian artist and founding member of the Futurist movement in painting. An Italian pointillist painter who later became a prominent Futurist.

Gino Severini

Italian painter who synthesized the styles of Futurism and Cubism.

Severini began his painting career in 1900 as a student of Giacomo Balla. Stimulated by Balla’s account of the new painting in France, Severini moved to Paris in 1906 and met leading members of the French avant-garde, such as the Cubist painters George Braque and Pablo Picasso.

Severini shared this artistic interest, but his work did not contain the political overtones typical of Futurism. This is since Futurists typically painted moving cars or machines. He usually portrayed the human figure as the source of energetic motion in his paintings. He was especially fond of painting nightclub scenes in which he evoked the sensations of movement and sound by filling the picture with rhythmic forms and cheerful, flickering colours.

self-portraitSelf-portrait of Gino Severini

 

Filippo Tommaso Marinetti is the founder of the Futurist Movement. The futurists  wanted to revitalise Italian by depicting the speed and dynamism of modern life.

-9tXOv0jmBAwPe4uDNl8Ng%2FRussolo,_Carrà,_Marinetti,_Boccioni_and_Severini_in_front_of_Le_Figaro,_Paris,_9_February_1912-1.jpgFrom left to right  Luigi Russolo, Carlo Carra, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Umberto Boccioni and Gino Severini

 

Futurism in Architecture

Antonio Sant’Elia

Antonio Sant’Elia was an Italian architect who was a key member of the Futurist movement in architecture. He left behind very few completed works of architecture and is mostly remembered for bold sketches and influence on modern architecture.

The drawings Antonio Sant’Elia included in his August 1914 Futurist Manifesto of Architecture are, perhaps, the most famous and influential of the early 20th century.

95b66d846ff290acf1c2b657dd8ebd96.pngThe Power Station (1914) Milan, Italy.

They were the first European architecture to project a vertical city, one composed not only of towers, but also of stacked layers of streets, plazas, and the mechanical movement of cars, trams, and trains.

original.jpgAntonio Sant’Elia, La Città Nuova (The New City) 1913-1914

 

Giacomo Matté-Trucco

Giacomo was an Italian naval architect and engineer and his fame rests on a single major work, the Fiat car factory at Lingotto, Turin. He is most know about his contribution on the huge reinforced concrete structure that was a forerunner of the concrete aesthetic of Pier Luigi Nervi and Riccardo Morandi. The enormously long, five-storey building has two daring helicoidal ramps leading to a banked test track for cars on the roof. The factory’s audacious design made a tremendous impression on foreign as well as Italian observers.

p025gc1bLingotto factory from inside in Turin, Italy (1923)

 

References:

The Art Story – Futurism – http://www.theartstory.org/movement-futurism.htm

The Charnel-House – May 01 – https://thecharnelhouse.org/2013/05/01/a-rooftop-racetrack-the-fiat-lingotto-factory-in-turin-italy-1923/

Socks – Drawings and Visions by (Other) Italian Futurist Architects – December 8, 2013 – http://socks-studio.com/2013/12/08/drawings-and-visions-by-other-italian-futurist-architects/

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