Art Nouveau

International Style (1890-1914)

Main Inspirations;

  • Japanese Prints
  • Celtic
  • Female Figure
  • Classic Art
  • Egypt, Greek, Roman

 

Art Nouveau in (France)

Hector Guimard (1867-1942) was a French art nouveau architect who was influenced by the Belgian arhictect Victor Horta.

He is best known for his subwat entrance for the Paris Metro, fanciful kiosks imaginatively detailed i wrought iron, bronze and glass.  His influence that like of all art nouveau architects was nullified by the emergent functional styles of the 20th century,

guimard-hector_metro-dauphine_ratp-GNU.jpgThe entrance of the Metro Station in Paris

He designed his first and finest buildings, the Castel Beranger in Paris (1898), an apartment house in which he was responsible for every detail of both the interior and exterior. He used varied materials including metal, faience and glass brick. Guimard created a design outstanding for the sinuous curves of its decoration that most notably evident in the floral and vegetative motifs of the wrought-iron gates.

porte-castel-berangerCastel Beranger’s Gate

 

Art Nouveau in (Brussels)

Henry Van de Velde was a major player in the foundation and promotion of the Art Nouveau movement in Belgium. He was a painter, architecture and interior designer. He came across the work of Vincent Van Gogh at the yearly exhibition and his work shows an influence of the Dutch painter himself. However, in 1892 he abandoned painting in favor of furniture and interior design. Henry also made significant development in the field of architecture designing several buildings for the Bauhaus campus in Weimar, Germany.

Van de Velde’s furniture tends to be substantial with restrained, sculptural forms. In the matter of the Paris school, pieces rely on form for interest, rather than the applied decoration and inlay commonly.

015-van-de-velde-theredlist.pngDrawing-room table by Henry Van de Velde

Winter Garden in Art Nouveau built in 1900s between Antwerp and Brussels.

Art_Nouveau_Winter_Garden.jpg

 

Victor Horta (1861-1947)

Victor Horta was an architect and one of the foremost creators of the art nouveau style. His design for the Hotel Tassel in 1893 is generally seen as the start of the Art Nouveau. He introduced many new concepts in architecture, which are still used today.

The Horta Museum was his private house, who gave free rein to its style. It is not actual museum in the traditional sense but a building where the objects exposed draw all the attention. The building itself is the museum. The Horta Museum was actually the house that Victor built for himself in the late 1890s. It’s a true example of the architectural style that made Horta into one of the most acclaimed architects in Belgium.

3_VictorHorta.jpgHotel Tassel entrance

tumblr_n4urxcGHqS1sqqqimo1_1280.jpgThe museum from inside

Inspirations:

  • Curvilinear
  • Whiplash
  • Spirals
  • Forms by nature
  • Flooring from mosaic
  • Wallpaper

victorhortastaircase.jpgThe famous staircase in Hotel Tassel

A showcase of stained glass and subway tile, pale wood and wrought iron in every corner that seems magically bathed in golden sunlight.

f885332d92f56c631378fc8aab06afb1.jpgStaircase

 

Josef Hoffmann (1870-1955)

He was born in Moravia that is now part of the Czech Republic. Josef was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods. He and Moser opened the Vienna Workshops.

Hoffmann designed a form plain table in four sections made from solid wood. It was designed at the turn of the last century (1900s)

 

josef_hoffmann_art_176Nesting Tables

 

He also is known on the classic strict geometrical lines and the quadratic theme, that is the kubus armchair that was designed in 1910.

 

hoffmann-josef-chairKubus Armchair

 

Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926)

He was a Catalan architect, whose distinctive style is characterized by freedom of form, voluptuous colour and texture, and organic unity. Gaudi worked almost entirely in or near Barcelona. Much of his career was occupied with the construction of the expiatory temple of the holy family (Sagra Familia), which was unfinished at  his death in 1926 and still now a days isn’t.

55ca39f807d90.jpgSagrada Familia – Barcelona, Spain

In his drawings and models for the uncompleted church, one transept with one of its death, Gaudi equilibrated the cathedral in Gothic style beyond recognition into a complexly symbolic forest of helicoidal piers, hyperboloid vaults and sidewalls.

Inspiration:

  • Islam Architecture
  • Fantasy (Dragon Skins)

 

References:

The Art Story – Art Nouveau – http://www.theartstory.org/movement-art-nouveau.htm

The Red List – Van del Velde – http://theredlist.com/wiki-2-18-392-1335-1338-1336-view-belgian-art-nouveau-2-profile-van-de-velde-henry-2.html

1stdibs – Josef Hoffmann – Nesting Tables and Stacking Tables – https://www.1stdibs.com/creators/josef-hoffmann/furniture/tables/nesting-tables-stacking-tables/

Sagrada Familia – Antoni Gaudi – http://www.sagradafamilia.org/en/antoni-gaudi/

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